Kenneth Bancroft Clark
1914 – 2005
Psychologist and educator, Kenneth Bancroft Clark was the first black president of the American Psychological Association.
Clark was also the first African-American to become a fully tenured professor at the City College of New York. He aided Gunnar Myrdal with his monumental study of America’s racial problems. With his wife Mamie Phipps Clark, in 1946, the couple founded the Northside Center for Child Development to work with ghetto children, and published a report (1950) that unmasked the psychological effects of racial segregation in schools. The report was prominently cited in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling, Brown v. Board of Education, that outlawed segregation nationwide.